After an uprising by workers in 1953 – campaigning for a state that was more like socialist which they had been sold by the authorities, with fairer wages and better conditions – was put down by the government and the Soviets, the need for a stronger secret police was clear to the DDR’s hierarchy. The Minister of State … It bears mentioning because, before the film came out in 2006, the story of the Stasi was not well known outside of Germany. Von 1961 bis 1989 machten westliche Firmen geheime Medikamentenstudien im SED-Staat – gegen Devisen und unter Aufsicht der Stasi. He died in Chile in May 1994. Stasi employees began to destroy the extensive files and documents they held, by hand, fire and with the use of shredders. geb. [31] The Stasi also acted as a proxy for KGB to conduct activities in other Eastern Bloc countries, such as Poland, where the Soviets were despised. Die Entmachtung des MfS begann sechs Wochen vorher in den DDR-Bezirken. Hier sollte ohne jede Hemmung besonders viel Ruhm eingeheimst werden. For Eyes Only, Spielfilm, DDR 1964. Minister für Staatssicherheit war zunächst Wilhelm Zaisser (1950 bis 1953), gefolgt von Ernst Wollweber (1953 bis 1957). "Symposium: From Russia With Death" (a partial transcript: Martin Sabrow: Das Diktat des Konsenses: Geschichtswissenschaft in der DDR 1949–1969. Vorsitzende des Ministerrats u. Ministerin für Wirtschaft", "Biography: Lothar de Maizière - Biographies - Chronik der Wende", "Wie ein Jenaer Stasi-Spitzel Menschen verriet, die ihm eigentlich vertrauen", "Former Stasi Agent Bernd Runge Gets Phillips Top Job (Update1)", "E.German Stasi informant wins battle to conceal past", "Court Decision Paves Olympics Way for Stasi-linked Coach - Germany - DW - 06.02.2006", "Projektgruppe moralische Entsorgung: Linke Gesinnungswächter denunzieren die Gauck-Behörde", Frankfurter Allgemeine (Feuilleton section), https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2018.1471969, STASI Decorations and Memorabilia, A Collector's Guide, "The dark secrets of a surveillance state", Stasi Mediathek Behörde des Bundesbeauftragten für die Stasi-Unterlagen, 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972, Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, List of Eastern Bloc agents in the United States, American espionage in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation, People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD), Main Directorate of State Security (GUGB), People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB), Department of State Security (Securitate), Altenberg bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stasi&oldid=994935298, Defunct law enforcement agencies of Germany, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox government agency with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles needing additional references from July 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 91,015 regular employees, 174,000 informal employees (or IMs) (1989). The Stasi held and interrogated between 12,000 and 15,000 people during the time they used the prison. [106] Similar letters have also been received by schools organizing field trips to the museum. [32], The Stasi infiltrated almost every aspect of GDR life. It was the first time East Germans had undertaken such resistance against the Stasi and it instigated the take over of Stasi buildings throughout the country. In addition, offices of the Stasi Records Agency in Berlin, Dresden, Erfurt, Frankfurt-an-der-Oder and Halle (Saale) all have permanent and changing exhibitions relating to the activities of the Stasi in their region. Stasi, Geheimdienste, Volk, bespitzeln, Informationen, Osten, DDR, Geschichte Vier Jahrzehnte lang bespitzelt die Stasi das eigene Volk und stiehlt Informationen aus dem Westen. It has been a cultural centre and a memorial to the victims of political tyranny since June 1994, managed by the Museum Viadrina. University graduates who had completed their military service did not need to take these tests and exams. Many thought that they were losing their minds, and mental breakdowns and suicide could result. Es zeigt sich dabei aber auch, dass die medialen Allmachtphantasien des MfS gar nicht so weit entfernt waren von einer nach dem Ende der DDR entstandenen Parodie wie "Die Wahrheit über die Stasi", jenem Low-Budget-Film von Alexander Zahn aus dem Jahr 1992, in dem geschildert wird, wie es eigentlich wäre, wenn die DDR noch weiterlebt. ... Bundespolitiker, die Kritik an der DDR übten, waren ein besonderes Ziel von DDR-Propaganda und Stasi. By at least one estimate, the Stasi maintained greater surveillance over its own people than any secret police force in history. Neo-Nazism: a threat to Europe? 2020 19 Uhr Die Schule der DDR-Spione. The Stasi ordered a campaign in which cemeteries and other Jewish sites in West Germany were smeared with swastikas and other Nazi symbols. Opening the files would also help clear up some of the rumors that were currently circulating. The memorial site opened with the official name "Die Gedenk- und Begegnungsstätte im Torhaus der politischen Haftanstalt von 1933 bis 1945 und 1945 bis 1989" in November 2005. Die Berliner Sportvereinigung (SV) Dynamo war sein Ziehkind. Eine Wegbeschreibung und Übersicht von Jens Schöne. Sie kannten sich alle, Spielfilm, DDR 1958. Sie versuchte also, jegliche Gegnerschaft ausfindig zu machen und zu verhindern. By comparison, the Gestapo deployed one secret policeman per 2,000 people. Am 5. The Stasi motto was Schild und Schwert der Partei (Shield and Sword of the Party), referring to the ruling Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, SED) and also echoing a theme of the KGB, the Soviet counterpart and close partner, with respect to its own ruling party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Divertente, ironico, al tempo stesso malinconico e sottile nei contenuti, il lungometraggio, che vede protagonista un giovane Daniel Brühl, è un concentrato di quel sentimento figlio della nostalgia per gli anni della DDR. Die Prostitution war in der DDR verboten. Other opinions, such as the one of West German Interior Minister Wolfgang Schäuble, believed in putting the Stasi behind them and working on German reunification. Guten Tag, Passkontrolle - Ein Film über die Passkontrollorgane der DDR. While there might have been some allure in espionage in the latter part of the 20th century, it certainly didn’t exist in East Germany. The fate of the files was finally decided under the Unification Treaty between the GDR and West Germany. Aus Eifersucht setzt ein SED-Apparatschik die Stasi auf einen berühmten Dramatiker an. Zusammen besuchen sie wichtige historische Orte wie das MfS-Untersuchungsgefängnis in Potsdam oder den Dienstsitz von Erich Mielke, der über 30 Jahre Minister für Staatssicherheit in der DDR war. Alle waren bereits mit jungen Jahren ins Visier der Stasi geraten. The investigations concluded that "Schlaff's empire of companies played a crucial role" in the Stasi attempts to secure the financial future of Stasi agents and keep the intelligence network alive. Je mehr er dabei allerdings in das Leben der anderen eindringt, desto mehr wird ihm sein eigenes trostloses Leben bewusst. Stasi officers reportedly had discussed re-branding East Germany as a democratic capitalist country to the West, which in actuality would have been taken over by Stasi officers. The main purpose was to control the society. It was called Zersetzung, and it's described in another guideline. Menu. It remains in its original condition. 14.11.2020 02:15 Uhr Feind ist, wer anders denkt - Geheimnisse der Stasi (3/3) Gegen die Genossen | phoenix Februar 1950 wurde das Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, die Stasi, gegründet. Other practices included property damage, sabotage of cars, purposely incorrect medical treatment, smear campaigns including sending falsified compromising photos or documents to the victim's family, denunciation, provocation, psychological warfare, psychological subversion, wiretapping, bugging, mysterious phone calls or unnecessary deliveries, even including sending a vibrator to a target's wife. Film: Festveranstaltung zur Eröffnung der HV A-Schule in Gosen, ca. From 1954 it was mainly used for women prisoners. [25], The Stasi had formal categorizations of each type of informant, and had official guidelines on how to extract information from, and control, those with whom they came into contact. Movies such as Bridge of Spies, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Funeral in Berlin depict the hijinx of agents crossing the Berlin Wall, but the definitive cinematic portrayal of the East German era is The Lives of Others, a low key, intense story of a Stasi agent Gerd Wiesler’s increasing infatuation with a bohemian couple. Following the June 1953 uprising, the Politbüro decided to downgrade the apparatus to a State Secretariat and incorporate it under the Ministry of Interior under the leadership of Willi Stoph. By 1995, some 174,000 inoffizielle Mitarbeiter (IMs) Stasi informants had been identified, almost 2.5% of East Germany's population between the ages of 18 and 60. The state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern took ownership of it in 1998, and the memorial site and museum were established in 1999. Each government that had ruled Germany – and indeed, most other countries too – attempted to control the political actions of the populus and to limit perceived threats to the stability of the nation. [27] A large number of Stasi informants were tram conductors, janitors, doctors, nurses and teachers. Once inside, specific targets of the protesters' anger were portraits of Erich Honecker and Erich Mielke which were trampled on or burnt. So he creates an alternative way for what happend. [37], Recruitment of informants became increasingly difficult towards the end of the GDR's existence, and, after 1986, there was a negative turnover rate of IMs. The actions of the CIA, MI6 and the KGB – or earlier of the Gestapo and the NKVD – are far more suited to the silver screen and the internal politics of … Doch der Staat duldete sie, auch weil sie Teil des Spitzelsystems der Stasi war. Less mentally and academically endowed candidates were made ordinary technicians and attended a one-year technology-intensive course for non-commissioned officers. Use of some form of blackmail was not uncommon. There were also some who believed that everyone was guilty of something. Die geheimen Berichte an die SED-Führung. [72] See Putinism. On 27 October 1989, the prison freed all political prisoners due to a nationwide amnesty. The building was opened to the public from 20 January 1990 and people were taken on tours of the site. Peter-Michael Diestel, the Minister of Interior, opined that these files could not be used to determine innocence and guilt, claiming that "there were only two types of individuals who were truly innocent in this system, the newborn and the alcoholic". [97], The Soviet administration took over the prison in 1945, also using it as a prison for holding political prisoners on remand. ...the Stasi often used a method which was really diabolic. Tiny holes were drilled in apartment and hotel room walls through which Stasi agents filmed citizens with special video cameras. This often included psychological attacks, such as breaking into homes and subtly manipulating the contents, in a form of gaslighting – moving furniture, altering the timing of an alarm, removing pictures from walls or replacing one variety of tea with another. Central Group for Computing and Information (, Central Executive Group for Protection of Classified Information (, Armament and Chemical [Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defence] Service (, Operational Technical [Equipment] Sector (, District Department for State Security Berlin (, District Department for State Security Cottbus (, 13 rural precincts: KD Calau, KD Finsterwalde, KD Forst, KD Guben, KD Herzberg, KD Hoyerswerda, KD Jessen, KD Bad Liebenwerda, KD Luckau, KD Lübben, KD Senftenberg, KD Spremberg, KD Weißwasser, District Department for State Security Dresden (, 2 city precincts: KD Dresden-Stadt, KD Görlitz, 14 rural precincts: KD Dresden-Land, KD Bautzen, KD Bischofswerda, KD Dippoldiswalde, KD Freital, KD Großenhain, KD Kamenz, KD Löbau, KD Meißen, KD Niesky, KD Pirna, KD Riesa, KD Sebnitz, KD Zittau, Location Precinct Technical University and Other Institutions of Higher Education (, District Department for State Security Erfurt (, 11 rural precincts: KD Apolda, KD Arnstadt, KD Eisenach, KD Gotha, KD Heiligenstadt, KD Langensalza, KD Mühlhausen, KD Nordhausen, KD Sömmerda, KD Sondershausen, KD Worbis, District Department for State Security Frankfurt (Oder) (, 3 city precincts: KD Frankfurt (Oder), KD Eisenhüttenstadt,  KD Schwedt, 8 rural precincts: KD Angermünde, KD Beeskow, KD Bernau, KD Eberswalde, KD Bad Freienwalde, KD Fürstenwalde, KD Seelow, KD Strausberg, District Department for State Security Gera (, 9 rural precincts: KD Eisenberg, KD Greiz, KD Lobenstein, KD Pößneck, KD Rudolstadt, KD Saalfeld, KD Schleiz, KD Stadtroda, KD Zeulenroda, District Department for State Security Halle (Saale) (, 3 city precincts: KD Halle,  KD Halle-Neustadt, KD Dessau, 20 rural precincts: KD Artern, KD Aschersleben, KD Bernburg, KD Bitterfeld, KD Eisleben, KD Gräfenhainichen, KD Hettstedt, KD Hohenmölsen, KD Köthen, KD Merseburg, KD Naumburg, KD Nebra, KD Quedlinburg, KD Querfurt, KD Roßlau, KD Saalkreis, KD Sangerhausen, KD Weißenfels, KD Wittenberg, KD Zeitz, District Department for State Security Karl-Marx-Stadt (, 3 city precincts: KD Karl-Marx-Stadt/Stadt, KD Plauen, KD Zwickau, 19 rural precincts: KD Annaberg, KD Aue, KD Auerbach, KD Brand-Erbisdorf, KD Flöha, KD Freiberg, KD Glauchau, KD Hainichen, KD Hohenstein-Ernstthal, KD Karl-Marx-Stadt/Land, KD Klingenthal, KD Marienberg, KD Oelsnitz, KD Reichenbach, KD Rochlitz, KD Schwarzenberg, KD Stollberg, KD Werdau, KD Zschopau, District Department for State Security Leipzig (, 12 rural precincts: KD Leipzig-Land, KD Altenburg, KD Borna, KD Delitzsch, KD Döbeln, KD Eilenburg, KD Geithain, KD Grimma, KD Oschatz, KD Schmölln, KD Torgau, KD Wurzen, District Department for State Security Magdeburg (, 19 rural precincts: KD Burg, KD Gardelegen, KD Genthin, KD Halberstadt, KD Haldensleben, KD Havelberg, KD Kalbe Milde, KD Klötze, KD Oschersleben, KD Osterburg, KD Salzwedel, KD Schönebeck, KD Staßfurt, KD Stendal, KD Tangerhütte, KD Wanzleben, KD Wernigerode, KD Wolmirstedt, KD Zerbst, District Department for State Security Neubrandenburg (, 13 rural precincts: KD Altentreptow, KD Anklam, KD Demmin, KD Malchin, KD Neustrelitz KD Pasewalk, KD Prenzlau, KD Röbel, KD Strasburg, KD Templin, KD Teterow, KD Ueckermünde, KD Waren, District Department for State Security Potsdam (, 2 city precincts: KD Potsdam, KD Brandenburg, 13 rural precincts: KD Belzig, KD Gransee, KD Jüterbog, KD Königs Wusterhausen, KD Kyritz, KD Luckenwalde, KD Nauen, KD Neuruppin, KD Oranienburg, KD Pritzwalk, KD Rathenow, KD Wittstock, KD Zossen, District Department for State Security Rostock (, 4 city precincts: KD Rostock KD Greifswald, KD Stralsund, KD Wismar, 6 rural precincts: KD Bad Doberan, KD Grevesmühlen, KD Grimmen, KD Ribnitz-Damgarten, KD Rügen, KD Wolgast, District Department for State Security Schwerin (, 9 rural precincts: KD Bützow, KD Gadebusch, KD Güstrow, KD Hagenow, KD Lübz, KD Ludwigslust, KD Parchim, KD Perleberg, KD Sternberg, District Department for State Security Suhl (, 7 rural precincts: KD Bad Salzungen, KD Hildburghausen, KD Ilmenau, KD Meiningen, KD Neuhaus, KD Schmalkalden, KD Sonneberg, Stasi officers helped in initial training and indoctrination of Egyptian State Security organizations under the, The Stasi's experts worked with building secret police systems in the, The Stasi organized and extensively trained. Eigentlich! Die Forscherin weiter: „Für die Stasi war von besonderem Interesse, wie die DDR dargestellt wurde und ob es nötig war, medial durch Diffamierungen des ‚Tatort‘ gegenzusteuern. Doch die Stasi nutzte den Dienst am Westmanne auch als Teil seines Spitzelsystems. Others argued that everyone should have the right to see their own file, and that the files should be opened to investigate former Stasi members and prosecute them, as well as not allow them to hold office. The Stasi also fielded Location Detachments (Objektdienststellen) at state-owned enterprises of high importance (such as the joint USSR-East German Wismar uranium mining company). Die DDR-Geheimpolizei wurde im Zuge der Friedlichen Revolution aufgelöst, aber nicht erst am 15. Minister für Staatssicherheit war zunächst Wilhelm Zaisser (1950 bis 1953), gefolgt von Ernst Wollweber (1953 bis 1957). Schools, universities, and hospitals were extensively infiltrated,[24] as were organizations, such as computer clubs where teenagers exchanged Western video games. Da sich die DDR gegenüber dem Klassenfeind als moralisch überlegen sah, hätte es Ausbeutung von Frauen so nicht geben dürfen. ... Best Picture Winners Best Picture Winners Golden Globes Emmys STARmeter Awards San Diego Comic-Con New York Comic-Con Sundance Film Festival Toronto Int'l Film Festival Awards Central Festival Central All Events. He wanted to know in advance what people were thinking and planning. Mielke believed that the best informants were those whose jobs entailed frequent contact with the public. The line between the state and the individual blurred, completely. An extensive restoration of the site began in December 2018. Die Aufgabe der Stasi war es, jegliches Verhalten zu unterbinden, das der Regierung gefährlich werden konnte. P. 16. Oldenbourg, München 2001, Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Main Directorate for External Intelligence, Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the former German Democratic Republic, Memorial and Education Centre Andreasstrasse, Remembrance and Documentation Centre for "Victims of political tyranny", Documentation Centre and Memorial site, former Stasi remand prison, Rostock, Gesellschaft zur Rechtlichen und Humanitären Unterstützung, John Roper, Baron Roper of Thorney Island, Eternal Return: Berlin Journal, 1989–2009 - jstor, No remorse from Stasi as Berlin marks fall of Wall, Angela Merkel 'turned down' job from Stasi, 'Puzzlers' reassemble shredded Stasi files, bit by bit, East Germany's inescapable Hohenschönhausen prison, "Unholy Alliance: The Connection between the East German Stasi and the Right-Wing Terrorist Odfried Hepp", "East Germany - Agencies of the Ministry of State Security", "Political prisoners in the German Democratic Republic", "Video Games in East Germany: The Stasi Played Along", Hubertus Knabe: The dark secrets of a surveillance state, A brave woman seeks justice and historical recognition for past wrongs, THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE-GATHERING OF THE MfS' HAUPTVERWALTUNG AUFKLÄRUNG, "Gunter Guillaume, 68, Is Dead; Spy Caused Willy Brandt's Fall", "The Schlaff Saga / Laundered funds & 'business' ties to the Stasi", Olympiakos soccer chief was 'spy for Stasi', E. Germany Ran Antisemitic Campaign in West in '60s, The Truth about the Gunshot that Changed Germany, "East German Stasi Spy Killed Protester, Ohnesorg, in 1967", "Karl-Heinz Kurras: Erschoss er Benno Ohnesorg? Not only did Jahn and fellow protesters bring down the DDR… "Das Leben der Anderen" - erst ein Film, dann darüber eine Ausstellung: Die Stasi ist fast immer ein zentrales Motiv in Filmen über die DDR. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2012, ISBN 978-3-525-37501-3. Under Minster Erich Wollweber and later, more notorious head Erich Mielke, the reach of the Stasi would extend into every aspect of East German life. [91][92], The Roter Ochse [de] (Red Ox) is a museum and memorial site at the prison at Am Kirchtor 20, Halle (Saale). [105], Behind the scenes, the GRH also lobbies people and institutions promoting opposing viewpoints. [73], During the Peaceful Revolution of 1989, Stasi offices and prisons throughout the country were occupied by citizens, but not before the Stasi destroyed a number of documents (approximately 5%)[74] consisting of, by one calculation, 1 billion sheets of paper. [33] About one out of every 63 East Germans collaborated with the Stasi. Zwei Jahre zuvor hatte Fechner, seit der Gründung der DDR 1949 Minister, noch die Richter beaufsichtigt, die ihn später hinter Gitter brachten. Eingefädelt von einem Stasi … Former Stasi officers continue to be politically active via the Gesellschaft zur Rechtlichen und Humanitären Unterstützung (GRH, Society for Legal and Humanitarian Support). In 1995, the BStU began reassembling the shredded documents; 13 years later, the three dozen archivists commissioned to the projects had reassembled only 327 bags; they are now using computer-assisted data recovery to reassemble the remaining 16,000 bags – estimated at 45 million pages. Für Siegfried Rataizick, der nach der Friedlichen Revolution vor 30 Jahren als Gefängnischef entlassen wurde, war es ein später Triumph, dass es seinem verhassten Widersacher am Ende genauso erging wie ihm. Stiftung Gedenkstätten Sachsen-Anhalt. 10. In the Shadow of a Doubt is a documentary film about what happens when people try to find a crime for the accused instead of looking for the accused for a crime. Those who opposed opening the files cited privacy as a reason. [18] From the volume of material destroyed in the final days of the regime, the office of the Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records (BStU) believes that there could have been as many as 500,000 informers. This had a significant impact on the Stasi's ability to survey the populace, in a period of growing unrest, and knowledge of the Stasi's activities became more widespread. In March 2006 in Berlin, GRH members disrupted a museum event; a political scandal ensued when the Berlin Senator (Minister) of Culture refused to confront them. [87], Gedenkstätte Bautzner Straße Dresden [de] (The Bautzner Strasse Memorial in Dresden) - A Stasi remand prison and the Stasi's regional head office in Dresden. Im Mittelpunkt des DDR-Films, der auf tatsächlichen Ereignissen beruht, steht der regimetreue Soldat Harald Jäger, der die letzten Stunden vor dem Mauerfal… Die Stasi war der Geheimdienst der DDR und zuständig sowohl für das Inland (also die DDR) als auch für das Ausland.