His father, the tsarevich Alexei, accused of treason by his own father, Peter the Great, died in prison in 1718. His mother died when he was only ten days old. Planning for the wedding went forward regardless, set to take place on 19/30 January 1730. [citation needed] Peter himself did not display much interest in study; his favorite occupations were hunting and feasting. Czar Peter III of Russia was born on February 21, 1728, in Kiel, Germany. After Catherine's death and the proclamation of Peter II as emperor, Menshikov took the young autocrat into his own house on Vasilievsky Island and had full control over all of his actions. Peter Rußland, Zar, I. He issued orders to the Emperor himself and then removed a silver plate that Peter had just given as a gift to his sister Natalya. So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. Therefore, from his childhood, the young orphaned Peter was kept in the strictest seclusion. A. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. Under the influence of Ostermann and the Dolgorukovs, Peter – long sick of Menshikov’s wardship – stripped him of his rank and exiled him to Siberia. Peter I, better known as Peter the Great, is generally credited with bringing Russia into the modern age. He gradually fell under the ultimate influence of the Dolgorukovs – Peter II became smitten with the 18-year-old beauty Ekaterina Alekseyevna Dolgorukova. RUSSISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN. Peter II Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. Alexander I One of the key statesmen of the 19th century, Alexander I is one of the most mysterious and controversial figures in … 1715-1730. The old aristocracy saw in the return of the Tsar to Moscow a revival of the old pre-Petrine traditions and way of life, while that part of the aristocracy which had ridden the wave of Peter the Great's reforms lamented the possible loss all of that previous era's grand achievements. Der Putsch gegen Zar Peter III. Rußland, Zar 1715-1730. Shortly after Catherine's death in 1727, the twelve-year-old Emperor was indeed betrothed to the sixteen-year-old Maria Menshikov. Seine Mutter starb kurz nach seiner Geburt, sein Vater starb drei Jahre später im Gefängnis. Meanwhile, the Dolgorukov clan decided to cement their familial relationship with the Emperor by arranging a marriage between Peter and the sister of his favorite, the young Princess Catherine Dolgorukova. The family schemed to tie themselves to the imperial bloodline, and persuaded Peter to marry Ekaterina. Peter Zar 1715-1730. Coat of Arms of Alexander I, Nicholas I and Alexander II of Russia (Orden of the Golden Fleece).svg 604 × 1,024; 4.57 MB Imperial Monogram of Tsar Alexander I of Russia.svg 231 × 340; 1.62 MB Silver chest for deeds.jpg 760 × 1,014; 198 KB The powerful minister Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov, who had aided in Catherine's accession, replaced the boy's teachers with the vice-chancellor, Count Ostermann. Soon, however, Menshikov became sick, and his opponents took advantage of his illness. Sale Date(s) Nov 15, 2014 11:30 CET Venue Address. Peter II, the son of Tsarevich Alexei, took the throne but died in 1730, ending the Romanov male line. With the fall of Menshikov and related court intrigues, the Emperor's main favorites became Prince Aleksey Dolgorukov and his son Ivan, who maintained great influence over his decisions. His mother died when he was only ten days old. 1727 und 1728, ehemals gehänkelt , fast schön Mindestpreis: 100. Petr 1715-1730 Emperor of Russia. “Peter II has not reached the age when a person's personality has already shaped,” Russian historian Nikolay Kostomarov wrote. Peter II was quick-witted, but apparently a stubborn and wayward boy, much like his grandfather. Copyright © 2001-2020 ZAO "SAINT-PETERSBURG.COM". Well, he wasn’t supposedto be originally. Peter Alexejewitsch war ein Enkel Peters I. Seine Eltern waren der „unglückliche“ Zarewitsch Alexei von Russland und dessen Gemahlin Charlotte Christine, Tochter von Herzog Ludwig Rudolf von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel. ; Dav. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. Despite these similarities, the emperor had no desire to learn to rule, unlike Peter the Great. Related personalities: Nicholas II Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia. 28,22 g. Bitkin 101 var. He was totally engrossed in amusements, and was kept under someone else's influence.”. This is the real history behind the period comedy Foreign witnesses proclaimed that “All of Russia is in terrible disorder ... money is not paid to anyone. Through the efforts of Menshikov, the court named Peter as Catherine's heir apparent, even though Catherine had two daughters of her own. Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Al… Alexander II, emperor of Russia (1855–81). How on earth did he become Czar of Russia, then? To which the Emperor replied, "We shall see who is emperor, you or I." Fine Art Reproduction, Canvas on Stretcher, Framed Picture, Glass Print and Wall Paper. Czar Ivan V (joint ruler with Peter I, the Great) 1696-1725: Czar Peter I, the Great, Emperor of All Russia: 1725-1727: Catherine I, Empress of All Russia: 1727-1730: Peter II, Emperor of All Russia: 1730-1740: Anna Ivanovna, Empress of All Russia: 1740-1741: Ivan VI, Emperor of All Russia: 1741-1761: Elizabeth, Empress of All Russia: 1761-1762 12) October 1715. The fourth film; Peter Alexeevich; Anna Leopoldovna; Elizabeth Petrovna, Nicholas Riasanovsky, The History of Russia, page 250, born a Grand Duke, but stripped of his title by, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich as claimant to the Russian throne, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich as claimant to the Russian throne, Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Elisabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg, Duchess Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen, Duchess Christine Friederike of Württemberg, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/akiado/ssash/2004/00000049/f0020003/art00005, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_II_of_Russia&oldid=980825122, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 17:53. His father, the tsarevich Alexei, accused of treason by his own father, Peter the Great, died in prison in 1718. The relevant documentation also specified the betrothal of Peter to Menshikov's daughter Maria. Nikitin: Zar Peter I.: der Große. Though they were also known as Romanov, the next rulers were from the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov family. All rights reserved. 19 January] 1730) was the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. Thus, for all practical purposes, the capital of the country was transferred back to Moscow, and the boyar Dolgorukov clan acquired complete control over the young Emperor. The program of education that Ostermann compiled included history, geography, mathematics, and foreign languages, but the overall education of the future emperor remained shallow and left much to be desired. “While contemporaries praised his natural intelligence and good heart, they only hoped for that good to happen in the future. VON RUSSLAND (1714-1730) Three-quarter length, standing, wearing a purple jacket resting his hand on a crown on a table to his left Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Russland/Russia 50 Kopeken 1899 * (Paris) Silber Zar Nikolaj II. at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products! ANKAUF: Wenn Sie Ihre Sammlungen oder auch Einzelstücke verkaufen möchten, sagen wir Ihnen, was Ihre Münzen auf dem aktuellen Markt wert sind und kaufen sie Ihnen zu einem fairen Preis ab. The Dolgorukovs attempted to get the emperor to sign a testament naming Ekaterina as his heir, but they were not allowed into the dying emperor’s quarters: Peter II was already unconscious. Alexander II (1855 to 1881) It's a little-known fact, at least in the West, that Russia freed its serfs … The majority of Russians and three-quarters of the nobility (especially the old-established nobility) were on his side, while the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (Peter's uncle - the husband of his mother's elder sister, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel) persistently urged Peter's claims through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg. Rubel 1729, Moskau, Münzhof Kadashevsky. According to contemporaries, Ivan Dolgorukov lived a reckless and profligate lifestyle, leading Peter II to spend much time feasting, playing cards and enjoying the company of women. Poltina 1727 СПБ VERY RARE - Peter II 1/2 rouble St. Petersburg Mint One of a few graded PCGS VF30 2,950.00 US$ + 39.99 US$ shipping Delivery: 14 - 15 days This led to frustration among his subjects and the royal administration – officials did not dare to assume responsibility for important decisions. The Russian fleet was abandoned, but Peter II showed no interest in the matter. We can find you a suitable interpreter for your negotiations, research or other needs. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (a nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna (a daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I of Russia). His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation (1861) of the serfs. However, Menshikov fell seriously ill and was unable to attend court, so the Emperor rapidly fell under the influence of his teacher, the Vice Chancellor Osterman and the new favorite, Ivan Dolgorukov. Auction Details Militaria, Historica, Antiques. This jostling and conniving began under the reign of Catherine I, who meant to marry him off to Maria, the daughter of Prince Menshikov, that comrade of Peter the Great who had become an all-powerful "advisor" during Catherine's six-year reign. [1][failed verification]. Having brought his entire Court with him to Moscow for the coronation ceremony that was traditionally held in the Kremlin's Uspensky Cathedral, the new Tsar quickly recognized the merits of the hunting grounds in the city's vicinity, and had no desire to forsake these pleasures and return to dank Petersburg. Born: St. Petersburg, 12 (23) October 1715Died: Moscow, 19 (30) January 1730Reigned: 1727-1730. A period of Free shipping for many products! He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel located at the Moscow Kremlin and was the only post-Petrine Russian monarch given that honor; along with Ivan VI (who was murdered and buried in the fortress of Shlisselburg), he is the only post-Petrine monarch not buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg. Choose your language. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. Han var barnebarn af Peter den Store og dennes første kone Eudoxia Lopukhina.. Biografi. He was then rushed into the palace, standing at the back of his sleigh. Selten und RAR! Als Kind wuchs Peter überwiegend bei seiner Großmutter auf, der Zarin Jewdokija. R Min. A few minutes later, he died. Need tickets for the Mariinsky, the Hermitage, a football game or any event? He was succeeded by Anna Ivanovna, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler, Ivan V. Romanovs. Peter II van Rusland Russisch tsaar. Peter Rußland, Kaiser, I. Everyone steals, as much as he can.” Moving the court and several other institutions from St. Petersburg back to Moscow was painful for the new capital, as well as the nobility forced to move with it, as Peter the Great had put much effort into developing St. Petersburg into a large and lively city at the time. aus dem Moskauer Münzhof Kadashevsky Rubel 1728, Moskau, Münzhof Kadashevsky. Original Russland Rubel 1729 ZAR PETER II. His mother died shortly after his birth. DIE SAMMLUNG EINES NORDISCHEN JURISTEN, U. Meanwhile, under the influence of Ivan Dolgorukov, who was seven years his senior and an elder companion in jolly amusements, Peter quickly acquired a taste for hunting. However, his behavior did not give chances to hope that he would be a good ruler. The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old. 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. 12) October 1715. His mother died less than two weeks after his birth. When he grew older, however, Peter was placed under the care of a Hungarian noble, Janos (Ivan) Zeikin (Zékány), who seems to have been a conscientious teacher. Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Alexei, whom the Tsar suspected of treachery. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, served as empress of Russia for more than three decades in the late 18th century after overthrowing her husband, Peter III. God knows what will happen with finances. The coronation of Peter II took place in Moscow on 9 January 1728, with the Emperor and a huge entourage. The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old.

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